The Manuscript Codex * Parts and positions

The assemblage of gatherings and their constituent folios that comprise the total manuscript without its binding. Typically endleaves are part of the textblock, being integrally connected to it. However, there are structures in which the endleaves are integrally connected instead to the binding, such as extended doublures, and are therefore considered part of the binding.
# Endleaves can be blank folios, composed of the same paper(s) that comprise the rest of the manuscript, left by the copyist at the front and/or back of the manuscript. These can be used by the binder to create pastedowns. They can also be added by the orginal or later binders from other papers, either to add a layer of protection at the front or back of the manuscript or reinforce the board attachment.
Click to see an enlargement
UBL OR. 25.428